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Totem and Taboo

Sigmund Freud

Book Overview: 

Totem and Taboo: Resemblances Between the Mental Lives of Savages and Neurotics is a book by Sigmund Freud, published in German in 1913. It is a collection of four essays first published in the journal Imago (1912–13), employing the application of psychoanalysis to the fields of archaeology, anthropology, and the study of religion. The four essays are entitled: The Horror of Incest; Taboo and Emotional Ambivalence; Animism, Magic and the Omnipotence of Thoughts; and The Return of Totemism in Childhood.

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Book Excerpt: 
. . .apply to trees, plants, houses and localities, are more variable and seem only to follow the rule that anything which for any reason arouses dread or is mysterious, becomes subject to taboo.

Wundt himself has to acknowledge that the changes which taboo undergoes in the richer culture of the Polynesians and in the Malayan Archipelago are not very profound. The greater social differentiation of these races manifests itself in the fact that chiefs, kings and priests exercise an especially effective taboo and are themselves exposed to the strongest taboo compulsion.

But the real sources of taboo lie deeper than in the interests of the privileged classes: “They begin where the most primitive and at the same time the most enduring human impulses have their origin, namely, in the fear of the effect of demonic powers”[38]. “The taboo, which originally was nothing more than the objectified fear of the demonic power thought to be concealed in the t. . . Read More

Community Reviews

It's my first book by Freud and it was... impressive. First of all, I must praise his writing style (or, perhaps, the translator). It's a very readable book even if you are a total newbie to the subject matter of the book, and it's not some ordinary subject matter: combining anthropological data...more

Totem und Tabu: Einige Übereinstimmungen im Seelenleben der Wilden und der Neurotiker, Sigmund Freud
عنوانها: توتم و تابو؛ روانکاوی و تحریم زناشویی با محارم؛ پیدایش روانکاوی : در باره هیستری، تکوین روش درمانی نو، رویا و کودکی، نویسنده: زیگموند فروید؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش: بیست و دوم ماه آوریل سال 1...more

An engrossing myth of its own is presented to us in the Freud-Jung dyad. Carl Jung for all his flaws - and they were many - was possessed of a genius that was unafraid to tread into new and unsecured territory that challenged the narrow and limiting definition of “libido” insisted upon by Freud....more

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یکی دیگر از وجوه خط مشی انسان بدوی در قبال پادشاه، یادآور جریانی است که به فراوانی در بیماریهای روانی و به ویژه در بیماری معروف به هذیان اذیت و آزار دیده میشود. بدینمنوال که بیمار اعتبار و اهمیت شخص معینی را تا آنجا که ممکن است بالا میبرد و قدرتی نامحدود و باورنکردنی را به او نسبت میدهد تا آنکه...more

هر کسی خدایان را به شکل و هیأت پدرش تصور میکند. و خطمشی هرکسی نسبت به خدایانش تابعی است از رویهی او نسبت به پدر خاکیاش. و به همین ترتیب دستخوش تغییر و تبدیل میگردد. و خدایان در حقیقت پدری است با شایستگی بیشتر.

دوستانِ گرانقدر، این کتاب در نوعِ خودش اثری بینظیر و عالیست که در آن اندیشمندِ خردگرا <زیگموند فروید> تلاش نموده تا بر اساس فرض یکی بودنِ ماهيت <تابو> و ماهيت پرهيزهـایِ وسواسی در بيمـارانِ روانی، <تابو> را تجزيه و تحليل نماید و در کل موضوعِ <توتم> و <تابو> را از دید...more

اضطررت لحذف بعض المقاطع من أجل النشر : (

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يبدو الطوطم نظاما ً اجتماعيا ً أكثر من كونه دينيا ً ، فهو لا يسير وفق تشريعات تشابه إلى حد ٍ ما تشريعات الأديان ، إنما بأنظمة محظورات تشبه المحظور الديني ، و إن كنت أرجح ان كل محظور اجتماعي له ركيزة دينية ، و مع هذا فأنا لا أجزم حتى الآن أن هذه المحظورات...more

I found it incredibly 'stimulating' - a suitable word I think; considering a certain sexual implication that it carries. Not that I found it sexually stimulating or anything... it's mostly about incest... it's just... that it's Freud, because y'know... I'm not actually... oh, whatever.

...

But wai...more

في سنة 1913 ارسل فرويد لصديقه يقول : (إنني إذ اكتب في الوقت الحاضر الطوطم والحرام , يخالجني شعور بأنه سيكون أهم اعمالي افضلها و ربما اخرها .. ومنذ تفسير الاحلام لم اكتب قط شيئاً بمثل هذا الاقتناع و هذا الفرح , ومن ثم أستطيع ان اتنبأ بما سيلقاه هذا البحث من استقبال : عاصفة من الاستنكار ...

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Translator's Note
Preface
Preface to the Hebrew Translation

--Totem and Taboo

List of Works Referred To in the Text
Index

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