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On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason

Arthur Schopenhauer

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Book Excerpt: 
. . .d quantity, whatever may have become of its form; likewise, when we perceive a body suddenly in a place, where it was not before, that it must have been brought there or formed by some combination of invisible particles—for instance, by precipitation—but that it, i.e. its substance, cannot have then started into existence; for this implies a total impossibility and is utterly inconceivable. The certainty with which we assume this beforehand (à priori), proceeds from the fact, that our Understanding possesses absolutely no form under which to conceive the beginning and end of Matter. For, as before said, the law of causality—the only form in which we are able to conceive changes at all—is solely applicable to states of bodies, and never under any circumstances to the existence of that which undergoes all changes: Matter. This is why I place the principle of the permanence of Matter among the corollaries of the causal law. Moreover, we canno. . . Read More

Community Reviews

There is probably no better explanation of Transcendental Idealism than Schopenhauer's On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason. Schopenhauer was an incredibly skilled philosopher, with a cutting wit as sharp as his intellect. He comes across a bit petty when he criticizes Hegel...more

I would exhort any potential reader to first familiarize themselves with Kant's First Critique (or perhaps the Prolegomena) up to at least a superficial level, although ideally a thorough one.

After all, Schopenhauer did -- in another work -- say:
"Whosoever has not read and understood Kant is but...more

I have just finished reading both titles in this hideous volume that I bought through Amazon books titled "On the Fourfold Root of he Principle of Sufficient Reason" by Arthur Schopenhauer. I call it hideous because the printing standards are low. The publisher is such a nonentity that they don't...more

The principle of sufficient reason is one of the great metaphysical controversies that has engaged philosophers from Aristotle to Spinoza. Simply put, the principle states that for everything that exists, there is a sufficient reason for why it exists and not otherwise. Schopenhauer's critical in...more

I have very rarely read a book that I could feel changing my internal architecture page by page. Many other people have said this, but with Schopenhauer, I feel like I'm seeing my own thoughts and most deeply held convictions elucidated with an order and precision I could never achieve myself. I...more

به گمانم بيشتر خوانندگان اين كتاب مسير مشابهي را پيموده اند كه از مقدمه ي "جهان همچون اراده و تصور" مي گذرد، جايي كه شوپنهاور مطالعه ي "ريشه..." را پيش نياز ضروري آغاز اثر عظيم مي داند. همان جا پيش نياز ديگر آشنايي با فلسفه ي كانت بيان مي شود كه بدون شك پيش نياز كمابيش ضروري اثر حاضر نيز هست؛ دست...more

Πάνω από 4.5 αστέρια, κάτω από 5.

Κριτική οσονούπω

20/03:
Παρέλειψα και θα παραλείψω για λίγο ακόμα ν' ανεβάσω μία κριτική ή μάλλον περισσότερο μία σύνοψη γι' αυτό το βιβλίο,. ωστόσο θέλω να σημειώσω ότι δεν έχω σταματήσει να "τσιμπολογώ" απ' αυτό. Νομίζω πως δε μπορώ να το ξεπεράσω κι είναι το δεύτ...more

Zunächst sollte man mal erwähnen, dass, wenn der große Schopenhauer darauf verzichtet hätte, seine Rivalen vom sogenannten "philosophischen Gewerbe" in der hier vorliegenden Ausführlichkeit zu beschimpfen, dieses Buch wohl nur zwei Drittel seiner Seitenzahl ausgefüllt hätte.
Während die Tiraden a...more

Schopenhauer finds it necessary to rescue noumena causa from Kant by calibrating our human experience to these four grounds of causation. These four grounds for Schopenhauer arise naturally due to different cuts in reasoning's consistency. Admittedly these grounds are somewhat arbitrary, but he i...more

Arthur told us to read this as the introduction to The World as Will and Representation, and boy was he right. Schopenhauer explains his treatment of Kant's philosophy so succinctly that WWR is really an exposition of what is written here. The strangest thing about Schopenhauer to me when i first...more

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